The F-Series is a series of full-size pickup trucks from Ford Motor Company sold for over five decades. The most popular variant of the F-Series is the F-150. It was the best-selling vehicle in the United States for 23 years and has been the best-selling truck for 31 years, though this does not include combined sales of GM pickup trucks. Analysts estimate that the F-Series alone makes up half of the Ford Motor Company's profits in recent years. In the 10th generation of the F-series, Ford split the F-150& F-250/350 into two different body styles. The new F-250/F-350 and as of 2007 F-450 is called the Super Duty.
First generation (1948–1952)
The first F-Series truck (known as the Ford Bonus-Built) was introduced in 1948, replacing the company's previous car-based pickup line. It was a modern-looking truck with a flat, one-piece windshield and integrated headlights. Options were the "See-Clear" windshield washer (operated by foot plunger), passenger side windshield wiper & sun visor, and passenger side taillight. The F-1 truck was also available with additional chrome and two horns as an option. All F-series were available in "Marmon-Herrington All Wheel Drive" until 1959.
Design of the F-Series truck changed little from 1948 to 1952. From 1948-1950, the grill was a series of horizontal bars and the headlights were set into the fenders. For 1951 and 1952, the headlights were connected by a wide aerodynamic cross piece with three similarly aerodynamic supports. The rear window was wider in the later trucks and the dashboard was redesigned.
F-series trucks were built at sixteen different Ford plants. Serial numbers indicate the truck model, engine, year, assembly plant, and unit number. The most common model was the F-1 with a 6 ½-foot bed followed by the F-2 and F-3 Express models with an 8-foot (2.4 m) bed.
The models are:
F-1: 1/2 ton (4,700 GVWR max)
F-2: 3/4 ton (5,700 GVWR max)
F-3: Heavy Duty 3/4 ton (6,800 GVWR max)
F-3: Parcel Delivery (7,000 GVWR max) & optional rear spring pkg (7,800 GVWR max)
F-4: 1 ton (7,500 GVWR max) & optional 1 1/4 ton pkg (10,000 GVWR max)
F-5: 1 1/2 ton: Conventional, school bus, and cab over engine (C.O.E.) (10,000-14,500 GVWR)
F-6: 2 ton: Conventional, school bus, and C.O.E. (14,000-16,000 GVWR)
F-7: Conventional (17,000-19,000 GVWR)
F-8: Conventional (20,000-22,000 GVWR)
1951 F-2 with 226 CID flathead six
Engine Years Power Usage
226 CID Flathead 6 1948-51 95 hp (71 kW) at 3,300 rpm F-1 through F-6
239 CID Flathead V8 1948-52 100 hp (75 kW) at 3,800 rpm F-1 through F-6
254 CID Flathead 6 1948-51 110 hp (82 kW) at 3,400 rpm F-6 only
337 CID Flathead V-8 1948-51 145 hp (108 kW) at 3,600 rpm F-7 and F-8
215 CID OHV Straight-6 1952-53 101 hp (75 kW)
279 Y-block (EAL) 1952-55 145 hp (108 kW) at 3,800 rpm F-7 only
317 Y-block (EAM) 1952-55 155 hp (116 kW at 3,900 RPM) F-8 only
1950 F-6 with a 254 CID straight-six
3-speed light duty, F-1 only
3-speed heavy duty, F-1 through F-5
4-speed (spur gear), F-1 through F-6
4-speed Synchro-Silent, F-4 through F-6
5-speed overdrive, F-7 and F-8
5-speed direct drive, F-7 and F-8
1 1951 Ford
Second generation (1953–1956)
The F-Series was redesigned for 1953 with a more integrated look. The pickups also acquired their familiar names: The F-1 now became the F-100, the F-2 now became the F-250, and the F-3 now became the 1 ton F-350. Starting on the 1956 models, Ford offers the very rare "Low GVWR" versions of each model. Interior amenities were new, including a dome light, lighter, arm rests, and sun visors. On March 13, 1953, "Ford-O-Matic" automatic transmissions became an option.
1954 saw the introduction of the new 239 CID overhead valve Y-block V8, dubbed "Power King." Canadian models, however, (including the Mercury M-Series), retained the flathead. The inline six was increased in size, and power steering was introduced as an option.
Second generation trucks were built in Brazil from 1957 to 1962 as the F-100, F-350 and F-600.
1955 Ford F-100 (rear)
F-100: 1/2 ton (5,000 GVWR max)
F-110: 1/2 ton (4,000 GVWR max)
F-250: 3/4 ton (7,400 GVWR max)
F-260: 3/4 ton (4,900 GVWR max)
F-350: 1 ton (9,800 GVWR max)
F-360: 1 ton (7,700 GVWR max)
Engine Years Power
215 CID Straight-6 1953 101 hp (75 kW)
239 CID Flathead V8 1953 100 hp (75 kW)
223 CID Mileage Maker I6 1954-55 115 hp (86 kW)
239 CID Y-block V8 1954-55 130 hp (97 kW)
223 CID Mileage Maker I6 1956 137 hp (102 kW)
272 CID Y-block V8 1956 173 hp (129 kW)
Third generation (1957–1960)
The truck was restyled again in 1957 with a hood that now sat flush with the fenders and a new chrome grille. In the back, the traditional separate-fender body was now called flareside, while a new smooth-sided look was known as styleside. Four wheel drive drive-train, which was previously outsourced to Marmon-Herrington, was produced in-house by Ford Motor Company beginning in 1959. Ford still offers a "Low GVWR" version of each model. In May 1957 Ford discontinued building trucks at the Highland Park Ford Plant in Highland Park, Michigan. All heavy trucks were transferred to Kentucky Truck Assembly in Louisville, Kentucky. All light and medium trucks were transferred to 10 other plants in the USA.
Third generation trucks were built in Brazil as the F-100, F-350 & F-600 from 1962 to 1971.
F-100 (F10, F11, F14): 1/2 ton (4,000-5,000 GVWR max)
F-100 (F18, F19)(4X4): 1/2 ton (4,000-5,600 GVWR max)
F-250 (F25, F26): 3/4 ton (4,900-7,400 GVWR max)
F-250 (F28, F29)(4X4): 3/4 ton (4,900-7,400 GVWR max)
F-350 (F35, F36): 1 ton (7,700-9,800 GVWR max)
Engine Years Power
223 CID Mileage Maker I6 1958-60 137 hp (102 kW)
272 CID Y-block V8 1958 173 hp (129 kW)
292 CID Y-block V8 1959-60 186 hp (139 kW)
Fourth generation (1961–1966)
The truck was completely redesigned for 1961 with a wider look, and unibody trucks were available, built with an integrated cab and box, from 1961-63. From 1964 on, only the traditional separate cab and bed arrangement were available. Power was over 200 hp (150 kW) with the 1965 update of the powertrain. In 1965, the Twin I-Beam front suspension was introduced with coil springs. The 1965 and 1966 trucks have a "TWIN I-BEAM" emblem on the front fender. A 4-door crew cab version was also introduced in 1965, still a popular option. Ford still offered a "Low GVWR" version of each model.
The Camper Special was built heavier for the slide in campers that were becoming increasingly popular during this time.
In 1965, the name "Ranger" is first introduced as a styling package for the F-Series pickup trucks. Then later (1982) the name Ranger is used for Ford's compact series trucks; an entry in the mini-pickup segment. It went on to become the top-selling compact pickup in the American market.
In 1965, the 300-cubic inch (4.9 L) Straight-6 was introduced (a larger version of the 240-cubic inch Six). It had 7 main bearings and timing gears (no chain or belt).
1966 F100 with 1972 tailgate lettering and optional toolbox under the bed
F-100 (F10, F11, F14): 1/2 ton (4,000-5,000 GVWR max)
F-100 (F18, F19)(4X4): 1/2 ton (4,000-5,600 GVWR max)
F-250 (F25): 3/4 ton (7,400 GVWR max)
F-250 (F26)(4X4): 3/4 ton (4,900 GVWR max)
F-350 (F35): 1 ton (9,800 GVWR max)
Engine Years Power
223 CID Mileage Maker I6 1961-64 137 hp (102 kW)
292 CID Y-block V8 1961-64 186 hp (139 kW)
240 CID Straight-6 1965-66 150 hp (112 kW)
300 CID Straight-6 1965-66 170 hp (127 kW)
352 CID FE V8 1965-66 208 hp (155 kW)
Fifth generation (1967–1972)
Another refresh came in 1967 along with a familiar name: the upscale Ranger trim line in addition to the base and Custom Cab trim levels. In 1968, federal regulations required all automotive manufacturers to add side marker reflectors or lights, so Ford redesigned the hood emblems to incorporate reflectors. The same year the trucks received larger versions of Ford's FE engine family with the introduction of the 360 and 390 cubic inch engines. Also changed for 1968 were the heater controls, arm rests, interior door handles and window cranks, and the upper trim moulding on models so equipped. Rear side marker reflectors were also added to the lower bed side panels in 1968, per government regulations. The 302 V8 became an option in late '69. The top trim for 1970 was now named Ranger XLT with Ranger, Sport Custom and Custom rounding off the rest of the line. The fifth generation bodies were noted for durability and simplicity of design making them a favorite for restoration.
Some trucks came with an outer flush mounted bed side compartment/tool box on the passenger side only. Trucks from the Fifth Generation can be identified as to year model by their year specific grille arrangements.
After the 1968 models, Ford discontinued the "Low GVWR" versions.
Still available was the Camper Special option, along with the new Explorer Special (a trim package), Contractor's Special(including a behind the seat toolbox and 3/4 ton (F-250) suspension), Farm and Ranch Special, and Heavy-Duty Special. Most of these "specials" from 1967-72 were made in relatively low numbers and are now becoming increasingly difficult to locate.
The fifth-generation F-series was introduced in Brazil in 1971, which remained in production until circa 1992 with a slight redesign and changes in its motorizations.
F-100: 1/2 ton (5,600 GVWR max)
F-110: 1/2 ton (4X4)(4,200 GVWR max)
F-250: 3/4 ton (7,500 GVWR max)
F-260: 3/4 ton (4X4)(4,800 GVWR max)
F-350: 1 ton (10,000 GVWR max)
F-360: 1 ton (4X4)(6,000 GVWR max)
Engine Years Power
240 CID Straight-6 1967-72 150 hp (112 kW)
300 CID Straight-6 1967-72 170 hp (137 kW)
352 CID FE V8 1967 208 hp (155 kW)
360 CID FE V8 1968-72 215 hp (160 kW)
390 CID FE V8 1968-72 255 hp (189 kW)
302 CID Windsor V8 1969-72 205 hp (153 kW)
Sixth generation (1973–1979)
The truck was redesigned in 1973; the grille for the 1973 model year featured two silver-metallic plastic inserts divided by an aluminum bar that was part of the main grille frame, with the letters "F O R D" spaced out in a thin rail in the upper part of the grille. Large round headlights were on either side of the grille with the park/turn signal lamps placed above in the same rail where the "FORD" lettering was. In 1976, this familiar "split-grille" design was facelifted slightly to feature black accents around the headlights and a refined appearance overall. In 1978, the round headlight design was retained for the regular Ranger and Custom trim levels. The XLT and "Lariat" trim level incorporated rectangular headlights with optional chrome headlight doors and chrome grille insert. The split grille design was overhauled in favor of a single-piece grille insert design. The headlights were also placed in a more stylized "insert" themselves, and the park/turn signal lamps were now placed below the headlights. A luxury Lariat trim was also introduced for 1978. In 1979, the round headlights were replaced by rectangular headlamps across all the trim levels and the surrounding grille insert that framed the headlamps was now available in either black, or chrome to match that of the aluminum grille frame. Additionally, an optional chrome-plated "F O R D" letterset could now be seen on the hood immediately above the grille.
In 1973, a new model was offered, the F350 SRW (single rear wheel) pickup. These were a new heavy duty pickup with contractors and camping enthusiasts in mind. The trucks rode on a longer wheel base chassis but were the same overall length as an F250 pickup. If you ordered the Camper Special package on an F350 SRW it became a Super Camper Special which was designed for the much heavier slide-in campers coming on the market at that time. Other changes included the 1974 introduction of the extended super cab version. The F-150 was introduced in 1975 to help circumvent coming emissions requirements. These came with a maximum payload of 2,275 lb (1,032 kg) when properly equipped. With the 1/2 ton F-100 still in production, the new F-150was referred to as the "heavy half" ton by some people.
1973-1975 Ford F-100 XLT
In 1976, the F-series became the best-selling truck in America, a position it has continued to hold since. This generation is noted for the durability of the body panels as Ford used extensive amounts of galvanized sheet metal to fight corrosion. 1977 was the first year for smaller cowl insignias moved near the windshield and the last year for the medium-duty F-500.
The GVWR ratings for these trucks was tied to a combination of wheel, spring, axle and brake combinations. The series code on the ID tag denotes which model and from that it can be determined what weight rating each vehicle has. 4X4 trucks can also be identified by the VIN number and on the ID plate as a serial number. For example, F10 is an F-100 2 wheel drive but F11 is an F-100 4X4, and so on. Serial numbers beginning with an X are SuperCab models.
1977 Ford F-150
F100 F101 F102 F103 F104 F105 F106 F107 F108 F109 F10N: 1/2 ton (4,550-5,700 GVWR max)
F110 F111 F112 F113 : 1/2 ton (4X4)(5,250-6,500 GVWR max)
F150 F151 : "heavy" 1/2 ton (6,050-6,200 GVWR max)
F140 F141 F142 F143: "heavy" 1/2 ton (6,050-6,500 GVWR max)
F250 F251 F252 F253 F254 F255 F256 F257 F258 F259: 3/4 ton (6,200-8,100 GVWR max)
F260 F261 F262 F263 F264 F265 F266: 3/4 ton (4X4) (6,500-8,400 GVWR max)
F350 F350 F351 F352 F353 F354 F355 F356 F357 F358 F359 F35P: 1 ton (6,000-10,000 GVWR max)
F-360: 1 ton (4X4) (8,550 GVWR max)
Engine Years Power (SAE net)
240 CID Straight-6 1973-77
300 CID Straight-6 1973-77
302 CID Windsor V8 1969-72 130 hp (97 kW)
352 CID FE V8 1973-77
360 CID FE V8 1973-76 145 hp (108 kW)
390 CID FE V8 1973-77 195 hp (145 kW)
460 CID 385 V8 1973-79 200-220 hp (150-162 kW)
351 CID 351M V8 1977-79 163 hp (122 kW)
400 CID 400M V8 1977-79 169 hp (126 kW)
Seventh generation (1980–1986)
The next major redesign came in 1980. The new truck had a squarer look, with sharp lines and flat panels; the trucks were designed with improved fuel efficiency in mind, and to this end, Ford added its new AOD automatic overdrive (four-speed) transmission as an option on light-duty models. Also new was Ford's first use of an independent front suspension on 4X4 models. The Ranger trim line was dropped from the F-Series in 1982, since that name was to be applied to the new Ford Ranger compact pickup, which replaced the Ford Courier mini-pickup line. Trim options became XL, XLS, XLT, and XLT Lariat. In 1982 the "F-O-R-D" letters were removed from the hood and a blue oval logo appeared on the grille.
The big-block 460 CID V8 was dropped for 1980, but returned in 1983 along with the 6.9 L V8 diesel option. In 1982, the 335-series "Cleveland" V8s were discontinued. The 351M was replaced by the 351 Windsor (an older design that now made its debut in light trucks), while the 400 vanished altogether (Ford's competitors had ceased selling engines in that size range a few years before). The 5.0 L V8 switched over to fuel injection, first as an option in 1985 and then as standard in 1986.
The new Essex V6 was added in 1982, but didn't sell particularly well. It was dropped after 1983, and the long-lived 300 inline six continued as the standard engine through the series. A work truck package called "6+6" was available, pairing the 300 CID inline six with the C6 transmission.[dubious – discuss] These were also the last American vehicles to have a column-mounted manual transmission.
The F-100 was dropped as the base model at the end of 1983 and the now-familiar F-150took its place as the base model F-Series truck for 1984. This generation also saw extensive use of galvanized body panels to fight corrosion which is now gaining them popularity among restorers.
The various changes that occurred between the 1981 and 1982 model years were accompanied by a slight cosmetic change- 1980-81 trucks have a plain grille with "FORD" spelled across the front of the hood in chrome letters, similar to the previous generation. 1982-86 models had the letters removed, and a Ford oval placed in the center of the grille. This made the 1982 the first model year to feature a blue oval on the front, something that has been on every model that followed it, with the exception of the 2010 F-150 SVT Raptor.
This generation saw two different sets of trim levels:
In 1980 and 1981, there was:
Custom- Base model with manual locks/windows, vinyl seat, and black rubber floor mat.
Ranger- Intermediate trim that added a color-keyed floor mat, extra chrome, and woodtone dash trim.
Ranger XLT- A step up from the Ranger that added better seat trim, a color-keyed headliner, color-keyed carpeting, aluminum tailgate trim and optional power windows/locks.
Ranger Lariat- a step above the XLT that added a plusher interior.
Base - basically the same as the Custom of the previous years.
XL - replaced the intermediate Ranger trim for 1982 as the Ranger name would be used for Ford's new compact truck.
XLS- a new trim level that featured a blacked-out grille, bumpers, headlight bezels, and windshield trim. It also featured a stripe graphics package and black and silver dash trim. Available exterior colors were red, silver, and black.
XLT Lariat- featured floor carpeting, color-keyed headliner, a standard chrome grille, and optional power windows/door locks. In 1985 the tailgate trim was changed to a "flat" full width aluminum with a red "reflector" towards the bottom with chrome FORD letters.
This generation of Ford trucks are latest to become popular restoration projects as most of these trucks are becoming emissions exempt in most states and now old enough to be registered as classics or antiques.
In Mexico, there is an "F-200" which was introduced in 1976. This variant remained until 1991.
Engine Years Power Torque Notes
232 CID Essex V6 1982-83
255 CID Windsor V8 1980-81
300 CID Straight-6 1980 117 hp (87 kW) 223 lb·ft (302 N·m) 1bbl
300 CID† Straight-6 1980 120 hp (89 kW) 229 lb·ft (310 N·m) 1bbl
300 CID Straight-6 1981-86 115 hp (86 kW) 223 lb·ft (302 N·m) 1bbl
302 CID Windsor V8 1980-85 130 hp (97 kW) 222 lb·ft (301 N·m) 2bbl
302 CID Windsor V8 1985-86 190 hp (142 kW) 285 lb·ft (386 N·m) EFI
351 CID 351M V8 1980-82 156 hp ((116 kW) 262 lb·ft (355 N·m) 2bbl
351 CID Windsor V8 1980-82 156 hp ((116 kW) 262 lb·ft (355 N·m) 2bbl
351 CID Windsor V8 1983-85 150 hp ((112 kW) 280 lb·ft (374 N·m) 2bbl
351 CID HO†† Windsor V8 1984-86 210 hp (156 kW) 305 lb·ft (415 N·m) 4bbl
400 CID 400 V8 1980-82 158 hp ((118 kW) 276 lb·ft (379 N·m) 2bbl
420 CID Navistar diesel V8† 1983-86 170 hp (127 kW) 315 lb·ft (428 N·m) IDI
460 CID† 385 V8 1984-86 214 hp (160 kW) 362 lb·ft (490 N·m) 4bbl
† Only available F-250 HD and F-350
† † 1984-85 only available on HD F-250 and F-350 models, 1986 available all models
Eighth generation (1987–1991)
The 1987 design was more streamlined, and maintenance items were made simpler. Rear antilock brakes were now standard, and the first truck to boast this. The manual transmission was revised with five speeds in 1988, and the flareside box was dropped. For 1987 the 4.9 L (300 CID) had standard fuel injection; for 1988, the 351 CID (5.8 L) and 7.5 L (460 CID) also gained fuel injection, with 1988 being the first year no carbureted engines were offered. 1988 also saw the replacement of the 6.9 L (420 CID) diesel V8 with a 7.3 L (445 CID) International Harvester IDI diesel V8 (now making 180 hp (130 kW). and 365 ft·lbf (495 N·m). of torque).
Four wheel drive improvements included the addition of automatic locking hubs for the F-150 in 1989, and for the rest in 1991. Starting in 1980 (to 1996), Ford offered a four-wheel-drive swing arm independent front suspension called Twin-Traction Beam, or TTB. Based on its I-beam suspension from the mid '60s, Ford mounted a Dana differential in the driver-side (front) axle beam and transmitted torque to the passenger-side wheel with a double U-jointed axleshaft. Radius arms and coil springs were still used on the F-150's, while the four-wheel-drive F-250s and F-350s got leaf springs. The 5.0 L (302 CID) truck also had an optional "Touch Drive" electronic transfer case. Custom, XL, XLT, and XLT Lariat were the trim options available. Towards the end of this generation, there was the addition of the behind cab cargo light.
The "F-Super Duty" (as the fender emblems stated) models appeared from 1987 to 1997. They were basically F-450s built as an "incomplete vehicle" (chassis cab) due to the fact that there was no bed installed and an aftermarket bed (specific to its future use) was added after the truck's initial build date. It came with dual fuel tanks with a dash-mounted toggle switch to switch between each tank while using only the one fuel gauge. It came with a PTO (Power Take-Off) used to power attachments (like winches or a dump bed) from the transmission. They were rated at approx 15,000 lb (6,800 kg) GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating). They came with either the standard 7.5 L (460 CID) gas V8 or the optional 7.3 L (445 CID) diesel V8. All wheels were 10-lug with DRW (Dual Rear Wheels). This model should not be confused with the "Super Duty" commercial line of trucks starting with the 1999 model year.
Ford F350 U-Haul truck in Hampton, VA.
The models are:
F-150: 1/2 ton (6,250 lb GVWR max)
F-250: 3/4 ton (8,800 lb GVWR max)
F-350: 1 ton (11,000 lb GVWR max)
F-Super Duty: 1 ton plus (15,000 lb GVWR max)
Engine Years Power Torque Notes
4.9 L I6 1987-91 145 hp (108 kW) 265 lb·ft (360 N·m) EFI
5.0 L V8 1987-91 185 hp (140 kW) 270 lb·ft (365 N·m) EFI
5.8 L V8 1987 210 hp (155 kW) 305 lb·ft (413 N·m) 4-bbl.
5.8 L V8 1988-91 210 hp (155 kW) 315 lb·ft (427 N·m) EFI
7.5 L V8 1987 225 hp (160 kW) 362 lb·ft (490 N·m) 4-bbl.
7.5 L V8 1988-91 230 hp (170 kW) 390 lb·ft (530 N·m EFI
6.9 L Diesel V8 1987 170 hp (125 kW) 310 lb·ft (420 N·m) IDI
7.3 L Diesel V8 1988-91 180 hp (135 kW) 345 lb·ft (467 N·m) IDI
Ninth generation (1992–1996)
The 1992 truck received a new aerodynamic-looking front end, a new dashboard, and the flareside bed returned. The Lightning Performance Truck appeared in 1992, with more than 20 industry "firsts" or pilot applications, including 17 in aluminum wheels, gas-charged shocks, and performance handling developed by world-champion driver Jackie Stewart. A CD player option was new for 1994, as was a driver's-side airbag, "CHMSL" third brake light, brake-shift interlock, and CFC free A/C. Following the lead of the Explorer, an Eddie Bauer trim line was added for 1995.
Ford trailed rival General Motors in combined truck sales for much of the ninth generation, though sales steadily rose each year. 500,000 F-Series trucks were sold in 1992, but this rose to nearly 800,000 by 1996, and the Ford had overtaken the combined Chevrolet and GMC pickup sales for the first time in a decade.
F-150: 1/2 ton (6,100 lb GVWR max)
F-250: 3/4 ton (6,600 lb GVWR max)
F-250 HD: 1992-1997 Heavy Duty 3/4 ton (9,000 GVWR max)
F-350: 1 ton (10,000 lb GVWR max)
F-Super Duty: 1 ton plus (15,000&nbps;lb GVWR max)
Engine Years Power Torque Notes
4.9 L I6 1992-93 145 hp (108 kW) 265 lb·ft (360 N·m)
4.9 L I6 1994-96 150 hp (110 kW) 260 lb·ft (352 N·m)
5.0 L V8 1992-93 185 hp (140 kW) 270 lb·ft (365 N·m)
5.0 L V8 1994-96 205 hp (150 kW) 275 lb·ft (370 N·m) 195 hp (145 kW) for automatic
5.8 L V8 1992 210 hp (155 kW) 315 lb·ft (427 N·m)
5.8 L V8 1993 200 hp (150 kW) 310 lb·ft (405 N·m)
5.8 L V8 1993-95 240 hp (179 kW)) 340 ft·lbf (461 N·m) Lightning Only
5.8 L V8 1994-96 210 hp (155 kW) 325 lb·ft (440 N·m)
7.5 L V8 1992-93 230 hp (170 kW) 390 lb·ft (530 N·m
7.5 L V8 1994-96 245 hp (183 kW) 395 lb·ft (534 N·m
7.3 L Diesel V8 1992-94 185 hp (140 kW) 360 lb·ft (490 N·m) IDI
7.3 L Diesel V8 1992.5-94 190 hp (144 kW) 390 lb·ft (531 N·m) IDI Turbo
7.3 L Diesel V8 1994-97 215 hp (157 kW) 425 lb·ft (575 N·m) DI Turbo, Powerstroke
The 7.5 L and diesel engines were not available on the F-150, and the 4.9 L and 5.0 L were not available on the F-350 or F-450.
F-350 Crew Cab diesel
Tenth generation (1997–2003)
Ford took the aero styling further for 1997 with a rounded nose on the new F-series. The regular F-250 (light duty) was basically an F-150 with the same body panels but with heavy duty axles and suspension, along with 7 lug wheels. Additionally, the F-250 Light Duty also offered a load leveling rear suspension system. The F-250 HD (Heavy Duty) was in the same series as the F-350. With the arrival of the all new 1999 "Super Duty" series in early 1998, the standard F-250 ('light duty'), F-250HD (Heavy Duty), & F-350 line was totally dropped and the F-250 (light duty) was offered as the "7700" package for the F-150 (noted on the tailgate emblem).
Completely new, more efficient engines were offered beginning in 1997. A 4.2 L OHV V6, based on Ford's 3.8 L Essex V6, replaced the 4.9 L OHV I6, while 4.6 and 5.4 liter SOHC V8s replaced the 5.0, 5.8, and 7.5 liter OHV V8s, respectively. The 4.6 and 5.4 liter V8s were marketed under the name "Triton" and mark the first use of Ford's Modular Single Overhead Cam (SOHC) engines in the F-Series pickups.
Ford F-150 SuperCab long bed
A wide variety of body options were available: regular cab and SuperCab, standard or flareside boxes, and short and long beds. A new Lightning was introduced in 1999, and Harley-Davidson and King Ranch versions were also created. In 2001 the SuperCrew cab was introduced with four full-size doors. In 2002, an FX4 model was introduced which came with skid plates, Rancho shock absorbers, and specific 17" aluminum wheels along with more standard features that were optional on XLT. In 2003, a sporty STX trim package was introduced, aimed at younger truck buyers. The STX package featured color keyed front/rear bumpers along with clear lens headlights and integrated round fog lamps. The package also featured chrome step rails, 17" chrome wheels, and a Kenwood Z828 stereo was installed in place of the standard Ford radio.
Ford F-150 King Ranch SuperCrew
This generation F-150 received an overall poor rating by the IIHS in the frontal offset test.
Sales of the F-150 surged in the tenth generation to 750,000 to over 900,000 in 2001 as the General Motors and Dodge products lagged. Ford's sales dropped, however, for the final years of this generation as the redesigned Dodge trucks were released.
The new F-150 was Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year for 1997. The grille was updated in 1999 with minor interior updates as well. The SuperCrew was added to the lineup in 2001. Ford manufactured a limited run of "Heritage Edition" F-150s of this body style in 2004 (as 2004 model years) to finish out production. This truck, with an updated grille, is still available in Mexico as a less-expensive alternative to the current trucks.
Ford has found that the cruise control system in many of their trucks could catch fire, because the switch system could corrode over time, overheat and ignite. Ignition was later blamed on spillage from the adjacent master cylinder. On March 5, 2007 Ford recalled 155,000 2003 full-size pickups and full-size SUVs for the defective part. During the previous two years Ford had recalled 5.8 million vehicles in because of the defective cruise control systems in trucks, SUVs and vans. That recall, one of the largest in history, covered vehicles from the 1994-2002 model years.
Engine Years Power Torque Notes
4.2 L V6 1997-2003 202 hp (151 kW) 252 lb·ft (342 N·m)
4.6 L V8 1997-98 220 hp (164 kW) 280 lb·ft (380 N·m)
4.6 L V8 1999-2003 231 hp (172 kW) 293 lb·ft (397 N·m)
5.4 L V8 1997-98 235 hp (175 kW) 330 lb·ft (447 N·m)
5.4 L V8 1999-2003 260 hp (194 kW) 350 lb·ft (475 N·m)
5.4 L V8 1999-2000 360 hp (268 kW) 450 lb·ft Lightning
5.4 L V8 2001-04 380 hp (283 kW) 450 lb·ft Lightning
5.4 L V8 2002-03 340 hp (254 kW) Harley-Davidson
Eleventh generation (2004-2008)
Also called Ford Lobo (Mexico)
Assembly Cuautitlan, Mexico
Dearborn, Michigan, USA
Kansas City, Missouri, USA
Norfolk, Virginia, USA
Sao Bernardo do Campo, Brazil
Body style(s) 2-door pickup
Platform Ford P2 platform
Engine(s) 4.2 L (256 CID) Essex V6
4.6 L (281 CID) Triton V8
5.4 L (330 CID) Triton V8
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
Wheelbase 126.0 in (Reg. Cab, short box)
SuperCab XL & Lariat: 145 in
SuperCab STX/FX4/XLT: 133 in
Crew Cab: 139 in (3,531 mm)
Length Regular Cab: 211.2 in
Ext. cab XL & Lariat: 229.8 in
Ext. cab STX/FX4/XLT: 217.8 in
Crew Cab: 223.8 in (5,685 mm)
Width 78.9 in
Height 73.5-76.1 in
Related Lincoln Mark LT
In 2004, Ford redesigned the F-150 using the new P2 platform. The side windows also changed to a Kenworth "Daylight Door" and Ford Super Duty-like appearance; dipping towards the front of the door. Initially, only Ford's 4.6 L Triton and new 3-valve 5.4 L 3V Triton V8 engines and automatic transmissions were offered on the new trucks. In 2005, Ford's 4.2 L Essex V6 and manual transmission became available and standard on base models after they were available only for fleet orders last year.
2004-06 F-150 Lariat Super Crew
The F-250 and F-350 Ford Super Duties (on the P3 platform) are a different class (over 8,500 lb (3,900 kg) GVWR) than the regular F-series lineup, although they are still F-series trucks.
All F-Series now have two large "closed loop" front tow hook design as opposed to conventional open hooks, which may bend out or even break. The F-Series can pull up to 30,000 lb (14,000 kg). with just one hook.
For 2007, Ford introduced a complement to the existing FX4 model, the new FX2 Sport package (a 2 wheel drive truck with an appearance package).
2 2007-08 F-150 Harley Davidson double cab
Also for 2007, a flex-fuel version of the 3-valve 5.4 L Triton V8 became available.
Ford states a properly equipped 2007 F-150 (Long Wheel Base, 2WD model only) can now tow up to 11,000 lb (5,000 kg) maximum and 1800-3050 lb maximum payload, though Ford has not indicated any design changes occurred to support the upgraded towing capacity numbers from the previous model years. The original tow rating of 9,900 lb (4,500 kg) was raised to 10,500 lb (4,800 kg) upon announcement of the new 2007 Chevrolet Silverado's 10,500 lb (4,800 kg) maximum towing capacity. Ford again raised the F-150's maximum towing capacity number to 11,000 lb (5,000 kg) upon announcement of the new 2007 Toyota Tundra's 10,800 lb (4,900 kg) maximum towing capacity. The 2004-2008 F-150 model years are mechanically identical, and no technical explanation has been offered by Ford regarding the increase in tow ratings.
Ford has reported that a smaller diesel engine will be an option for the F-150 in the near future, making it the only half-ton pickup in the U.S offering a diesel. Ford has recently stated that the engine will be a 4.4 L V8 derived from the euro-built 3.6 L diesel that is currently used in Land Rovers. It has an estimated power output of 330 hp (246 kW) and 515 lb·ft (698 N·m) of torque.
This generation F-150 got top safety ratings (5 stars) from the NHSTA in frontal collisions.
Saleen offers their own OEM version of the F-150, badged as the S331. Additionally, Roush offers an aftermarket version with similar power. Beginning with the second half of the 2007 model year, Ford offered the Saleen forced-induction package on the Harley edition as an OEM option.
The F-150 Foose Edition debuted in fall 2007 as a 2008 model. Based on an F-150 FX2 Sport, it uses a Roush-developed powertrain. The supercharged 5.4 L V8 puts out 450 hp (335 kW) and 500 lb·ft (680 N·m) of torque.
Awards, sales accomplishments
The new F-150 earned the North American Truck of the Year award for 2004 and was Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year for 2004. It also beat the three-time winning Chevrolet Silverado for Car and Driver magazine's Best Pickup Truck for 2004 and 2005. Additionally, over 939,000 F-Series trucks were sold in 2005, a single-year sales record for trucks.
As a popular fleet vehicle, this generation of the F-Series has garnered a number of awards from fleet management professionals. The 2006 F-150 was named Fleet Truck of the Year by Automotive Fleet and Business Fleet magazines, and the 2007 models of the F-150, F-250 and F-350 were chosen Best Fleet Value vehicles in their respective categories by automotive data-analysis firm Vincentric. Winner of the 2006-2007 Golden Icon Award (presented by Travolta Family Entertainment) for "Best Truck".
According to Consumer Reports's used car reliability history data, the 2004-2008 F-150 with the 4.2 L V6 engine is the most reliable American pickup truck ever produced in history. It scored a rating of excellent for five straight consecutive years within one body generation, something that domestics had never earned in the past.
Engine Years Power Torque
4.2 L V6 2004-2008 202 hp (151 kW) 260 lb·ft (353 N·m)
4.6 L V8 2004-2008 231 hp (172 kW) 293 lb·ft (397 N·m)
5.4 L V8 2004-2008 300 hp (224 kW) 365 lb·ft (495 N·m)
Twelfth generation (2009-)
Ford revealed the next generation 2009 F-150 design at the North American International Auto Show in January, 2008. Production of the series began in October 2008 at Ford's Kansas City Assembly Plant. The truck features a larger and more flexible interior, an updated three-bar grille, and additional choices of cab styles and trim levels. The chassis includes a lighter-weight, high strength steel for better fuel economy and safety and improved payload and towing capacity. Three engines are initially offered with the 2009 redesign: a revised 5.4 L 3-valve Triton V8 that is E85 capable with a new output rating of 320 hp (239 kW) and 395 lb·ft (529 N·m) of torque, a 292 hp (218 kW) 4.6 L 3-valve V8, and a 248 hp (185 kW) 4.6 L 2-valve V8. The 4-valve 5.4 and 4.6 liter V8s are mated to Ford's new 6R80E 6-speed automatic transmission while the 4R75E 4-speed automatic transmission used previously is carried over for the 2-valve 4.6 L V8. The 4.2 L OHV V6 engine, which was previously available, has been dropped due to the closure of the Essex engine plant where it was produced. Additional engine offerings under development and projected for the 2010 model year include a new 4.4 L diesel V8 with a projected 330 hp (246 kW) and 400 lb·ft (569N·m) of torque and an Ecoboost gas turbocharged direct injection 3.5 L DOHC V6.
The Lincoln Mark LT truck will be replaced by a Platinum edition F-150 in 2009.
The 2009 Ford F150 features front-seat side impact airbags and Ford's Safety Canopy System for the first and second rows as Head protection in the event of a side impact. It will also feature Ford's exclusive ADVANCETRAC RSC (Electronic Stability Control)
Worsening economic situation in US and the declining sales of F-150s prompted Ford to delay the introduction of the new F-150 by two months.
Beginning in 2009, manual transmissions will no longer be available in the F-150 and will only be equipped with automatics. Manual transmissions will continue to be available in the F-250 Super Duty and F-350 Heavy duty pickups.
Engine Years Power Torque
4.6 L 2V V8 2009- 248 hp (185 kW) @ 4750 rpm 294 lb·ft (398 N·m) @ 4000 rpm
4.6 L 3V V8 2009- 292 hp (218 kW) @ 5700 rpm 320 lb·ft (433 N·m) @ 4000 rpm
5.4 L 3V V8 2009- 310 hp (231 kW) @ 5000 rpm 365 lb·ft (494 N·m) @ 3500 rpm
5.4 L 3V V8 (E85) 2009- 320 hp (239 kW) @ 5000 rpm 390 lb·ft (528 N·m) @ 3500 rpm
Ford originally planned to reintroduce F-100, known internally as P525, as global replacement for Ford Ranger in 2010 or 2011, but the plan was cancelled, instead offering EcoBoost engines for F-150.
2010 SVT Raptor
Ford announced the production of 2010 F-150 SVT Raptor as dedicated off-roader. It is powered by 5.4L engine, with 6.2L option. It has Fox Racing external reservoir shock absorbers which allows for 11" of suspension travel in front, and 13" in the rear. It will come standard with 35" BFG All Terrain tires. Also, it will be available in 2 paint schemes: a solid black, or a orange color with black graphics.
The race version, F-150 SVT Raptor R, was also built for the Baja 1000 races. It uses 6.2L engine rated 450hp.
In 2008 SEMA show, 4 2009 Ford F-150s were unveiled: 2009 Ford F-150 Heavy Duty DEWALT Contractor, 2009 Ford F-150 FX-4 by X-Treme Toyz, 2009 Ford F-150 by Street Scene Equipment, Hi-Pa Drive F-150. Heavy Duty DEWALT Contractor was built in DeWalt theme. FX-4, also called Fahrenheit F-150, was built for outdoor lifestyle enthusiast. Street Scene Equipment version is a lowered truck built with performance and style. Hi-Pa Drive F-150 was powered by 4 electric in-wheel motors rated over 480hp and over 375lb·ft torque combined.
Electric and hybrids
Ford will supply Smith Electric Vehicles with a range of its Ford F-Series commercial vehicles as the chassis for Smith's US-specific vehicles. The first of these vehicles is the Faraday mark II, built using the Ford F-650 chassis cab, with a gross vehicle weight (GVW) of up to 13,000 kg (29,000 lb). It manufactures the first of this product in the second half of 2008.
Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technologies (HEVT), Inc. unveiled a plug-in hybrid prototype at 2008 Plug-In Conference and Exposition.
Ford and PML Flightlink worked together to produce the Hi-Pa DriveTM Ford F150 pickup prototype vehicle which was unveiled at the SEMA show 2008.
Ford also manufactures F-Series medium-duty trucks (F-650, F-750). School bus chassis versions are sold as B-Series trucks. The 1961-1965 Ford Falcon Econoline flat nose pickup trucks and 1961-present vans are E-Series. Parcel delivery vans are P-Series. Big tractor trailer trucks are L-Series. There was also a class 8 cab over called the W-Series in the 60's-70's, replaced by the CL-Series in 1977.
In Argentina and Brazil, the gasoline engines came prepared from the factory with slight modifications to also use them with alternative fuels, E-85 (Ethanol) and CNG (Compressed Natural Gas). Biodiesel also is used in diesel engines.
Prior to the F-650 and F-750 medium-duty trucks, Ford offered F-700, F-800 and F-900 medium-duty trucks that retained the door and aft cab (A-pillar back) style and structure from the previous generation F-Series, along with the dash and instrument cluster (from early 1980s models). Current models are based on the International 4000Series chassis with a Ford Super Duty cab.
A F-8000 was also produced based on the Ford Cargo cab-over range, which was similar to the 2006 and newer Ford LCF ("Low Cab Forward").